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Tuesday, June 24, 2014


The 2014 FIFA World Cup is the 20th FIFA World Cup, a tournament for the men's football world championship, that is currently taking place in Brazil.
It began on 12 June, with a group stage, and is scheduled to conclude on 13 July with the final.[1] It is the second time that Brazil has hosted the competition, the first being in 1950. Brazil was elected unchallenged as host nation in 2007 after the international football federation, FIFA, decreed that the tournament would be staged in South America for the first time since 1978 in Argentina, and the fifth time overall.
The national teams of 31 countries advanced through qualification competitions that began in June 2011 to participate with the host nation Brazil in the final tournament. A total of 64 matches are being played in 12 cities across Brazil in either new or redeveloped stadiums. For the first time at a World Cup finals, match officials are using goal-line technology, as well as vanishing foam for free kicks.[2]
With the host country, all world champion teams since the first World Cup in 1930Argentina, England, France, Germany (who won three times as West Germany), Italy, Spain and Uruguay – have qualified for this competition. Spain were the title holders, having defeated the Netherlands 1–0 in the 2010 final to win their first World Cup but they were eliminated after losses in the first two matches at the group stage against Chile and the Netherlands. All seven previous World Cup tournaments staged in the Americas (four in South America and three in North America) were won by South American tea

Host selection

In March 2003, FIFA announced that the tournament would be held in South America for the first time since 1978, in line with its then-active policy of rotating the right to host the World Cup among different confederations.[4][5] The decision meant that it would be the first time that two consecutive World Cups were staged outside Europe. Only Brazil and Colombia formally declared their candidacy but, after the withdrawal of the latter from the process,[6] Brazil was officially elected as host nation unopposed on 30 October 2007.[7]

Participating teams and officials


Following qualification matches between June 2011 and November 2013, the following 32 teams – shown with their final pre-tournament FIFA World Rankings[8] – qualified for the final tournament. 24 out of the 32 teams to qualify are returning participants from the 2010 World Cup. Bosnia and Herzegovina is the only team with no previous World Cup Finals experience.[nb 2][9] Colombia qualified for the World Cup after 16 years of absence; while Russia and Belgium after 12 years; and Croatia, Ecuador, Costa Rica, and Iran return after missing only one final tournament. Only three top-25 ranked teams did not qualify for the tournament: Ukraine (16), Denmark (23) and Slovenia (25).[8]

Final draw

The 32 participating teams were to be drawn into the eight groups of the group stage. In preparation for this, the teams were organised into four pots with the seven highest-ranked teams joining host nation Brazil in the seeded pot.[10] As with the previous tournaments, FIFA aimed to create groups which maximised geographic separation and therefore the unseeded teams were arranged into pots based on geographic considerations.[11][12] The draw took place on 6 December 2013 at the Costa do SauĂ­pe resort in Bahia, during which the teams were drawn by various past World Cup-winning players.[13][14] Under the draw procedure, one randomly drawn team was firstly relocated from Pot 4 to Pot 2 to create four equal pots of eight teams.[11]


As with the 2010 tournament, each team's squad consists of 23 players (three of whom must be goalkeepers). Each participating national association had to confirm their final 23-player squad no later than 10 days before the start of the tournament.[15] Teams were permitted to make late replacements in the event of serious injury, at any time up to 24 hours before their first game.[15] During a match, all remaining squad members not named in the starting team are available to be one of the three permitted substitutions (provided the player is not serving a suspension).[15]

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